Another issue that is of concern is that in Hoi An there is a strong integration (population, economy, culture) in the trend of economic development, culture, tourism – service – commerce International on the basis of cultural and natural heritage. This process is posing great problems that Hoi An must face, focusing on infrastructure, social structure, population structure, cultural institution, administration of a capital. urban – rural, which is traditional, historical – cultural, moderate to integrate and develop the trend of tourism – international services. At the same time, the principle of preservation of truth must be optimized. In terms of space management and development here not only within the AQ – World Cultural Heritage but also a whole landscape of water, sea – island, village, village traditional; both urban and rural cultural heritage.
It must also take into account the link between cultural preservation and economic development in the region and region. In addition to addressing the issues mentioned above, the integration – population dynamics (due to the inherent development of capital in Hoi An culture – history), mechanical increase, has changed the population living in the heritage house – the architectural space of the Old Quarter. This factor has a strong impact on Hoi An’s typical intangible cultural values, which are the global prominence of Hoi An (that is, lifestyle, behavior, cuisine, customs … associated in relics / cultural value objects.
The beauty of Hoi An gives us the feeling of finding the source
On the other hand, the number of customers increases quickly, increasing, resulting in inadequacies in management of service activities; lack of ability, conditions for tourists; Tourism infrastructure can not keep up with the noise, many negative images, negative impact on tourists, the sustainability of tourism. Even tourists coming to Hoi An Ancient Town only see crowds – again (and also around the Cau Temple area, with the majority of Chinese and Korean visitors). Travelers appreciate the historical – cultural value and magnificent beauty of the buildings, the AQ population. Is there a lack of space, quiet for visitors to feel? Is it the lack of sustainability for cultural tourism?
Along with population fluctuations, tourism development pressure, urbanization is the inadequacy of general planning (urban-rural development, transportation, infrastructure facilities …); Regulations, regulations on management of architecture, construction, social activities, culture …; specialized planning on culture, tourism and sports; preserve the Heritage … do not keep up with the pace of development … Many issues of culture – society, security, social order – safety and population are pressing, need to There are solutions to overcome in time … Particularly in the AQ, there are 6 regulations / regulations (management, conservation, use, relics, production, business order, advertising activities. travel activities, passenger transport activities, coordinated management), but all the time is not legal guarantee?
Even the laws, decrees of the state, the government when applied to Hoi An also many inadequacies. Hoi An is a heritage of people living and owning. Cultural festivals, cultural and tourism events, cultural diplomacy and culture-tourism promotion in Hoi An have achieved remarkable achievements, but mainly It is still invested by the state budget, socialization is not high; lack of initiative, lack of professionalism … Meanwhile, the "organic" relationship between the tourism industry and the preservation of cultural heritage is not necessarily a coherent. In particular there is no agreement between tour guides and heritage guides, with researchers, heritage management. The gap between the income of researchers, management and preservation of cultural heritage with the ticket sales staff, guided visiting heritage for tourists is too far.
Certainly the index of revenue, income and number of visitors to Hoi An – The Town Of Romantic Things
is not necessarily a sustainable development index. The shortcomings are: lack of human resources, lack of infrastructure, conditions for tourists and planning directions, investment capital, management regulations, mechanisms and policies. sanitation … the anxiety – also of cultural heritage; Sustainable development of tourism is always a matter of concern. Because there are legacy – famous tourist destination each foot but then gradually – away guests?
Looking back on years of cultural heritage tourism – 2017, there are many things to be happy with the development indicators, but also many concerns about sustainability. It is necessary that the culture and tourism sector should have a comprehensive and comprehensive research and evaluation program, and on the basis of which solutions / measures are timely and appropriate for the preservation of cultural heritage. The objective of tourism development is really effective and sustainable. And also due to the specific factors and the above situation, it is time for Hoi An "urgent need to have an appropriate management mechanism to operate, specific for conservation and sustainable development."
This, more than 400 years ago, the Nguyen Lords (starting from 1602 by Lord Tien – Nguyen Hoang) did, ie put Faifo – Hoi An under the management, economic development with the policies and policies " special mechanism ", meaning as a" special economic zone ". Even then, Hoi An continued to enjoy some privileges during the Nguyen Dynasty and the French colonial period.